Courses

The First term of the Programme awards 30 ECTS and consists of  6 cluster courses, three elective seminars and a midterm exam.In this phase students are based at the University of Sarajevo, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies.

Cluster 1: PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN RIGHTS (4 ECTS)

Cluster Leader: Prof. Asim Mujkić, University of Sarajevo

Teaching hours: 65            

Consultations: 15 hours

Content of the Cluster

This educational Cluster deals with the specifics of the philosophical approach to human rights, as opposed to the legal, social or political one. Different disciplines of philosophy and different schools in relation to human rights are presented, alongside with the historical construction of the concept. The course also provides insight into the contemporary debate over the foundations of human rights. Furthermore,  it offers the basis and interpretation of the philosophical terminology used in the interpretation of human rights, as subject/object, politics–law–morality, individual/ collective, right/obligation-duty. The contractual theories and human rights concept relation is addressed, as well as the contemporary philosophy of human rights. Key issues like globalization and human rights are tackled as well.

Cluster 2. DEMOCRACY (4 ECTS)

Cluster Leader: Prof. Francesco Privitera, University of Bologna

Teaching hours: 65                                                                                           

Consultations: 15 hours

Contents of the Cluster

Democracy and Human Rights will be treated by considering the framework of European transition processes after the Cold War, within the politics of post-communist transition and the impact of both the communist collapse and the process of EU Enlargement.  Starting from the EU relations with Central/East European countries during the Cold War, lectures will analyze the EU reactions to the fall of communism. Then, the evolving relations from cooperation to association will be examined, along with the Agenda 2000, the accession negotiations and the impact of conditionality onto the process of East- Central European countries’ adaptation to the accession requirements. The course will also concentrate on countries not involved in the first and second wave of the Enlargement, but deeply affected by instability, particularly the Balkans. In this context, the widening and deepening  of  EU  will  be  discussed,  while  addressing the  needs  and  difficulties  of  post-communist transition. The problems of minorities, state sovereignty, and nationalism will be considered within this framework  of  reference,  with  comparative  approaches  between  the  EU  and  the  post-communist societies.

Cluster 3: NATIONALISM, ETHNICITY AND RELIGION (4 ECTS)

Cluster Leader: Prof. dr. Milan Podunavac, University of Belgrade

Teaching hours: 65                                                                                            

Consultations: 15 hours

Contents of the cluster

The aim of this course is to promote an open-minded attitude to diversity, and reducing stereotypes and prejudices towards the “Others”. Nationalism as a theoretical concept with practical implications is explored both in its pre-modern and modern manifestations. Issues of ethnicity and migration in Europe and worldwide are also considered, as well as stereotypes and ethnic conflicts within divided societies, and the major tools for their prevention or limitation. The concepts of state, fear, and security, and their mutual relation and interdependence will be examined through the main theoretical approaches. Furthermore, the intersectionality of identity formation, so as to include not only gender and nation, but also other aspects of identity (such as race and class) is in the focus of the cluster as well. The secession and conflicts in Yugoslavia will be studied, as well as the post conflict institution-building process. Further on, the role of religions and their relation with nationalism, ethnicity, identity and culture will be discussed, with a specific attention to the Balkan cases.

Cluster 4: ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS (ECTS 4)

Cluster Leader: Prof.dr. Nikolaos Tzifakis, University of Peloponnese

Teaching hours: 65            

Consultations: 15 hours

Contents of the cluster:

The aim of this cluster is to provide students with a solid knowledge of international legal standards in the field of economic, social and cultural rights, and to relate these standards to broader theoretical debates in philosophy, political theory and economics. The principle that all human rights – civil, political, economic, social and cultural – are indivisible, interdependent and interrelated is now central to the international normative framework for the protection and promotion of human rights. The course addresses the reasons for increased international support for the idea of economic, social and cultural rights; consider foundational debates relating to the accommodation of these human rights within liberal political theory; and introduce students to the key international legal instrument in this field – the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The substantive content of human rights such as an adequate standard of living (including adequate food and shelter), education and free elementary education, to the highest attainable standard of health – as well as the nature and scope of international legal obligations of state parties to this international treaty – will be analysed in light of authoritative interpretative statements, including the Maastricht Guidelines, the Limburg Principles and the jurisprudence of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Key thematic issues (including poverty, trade and development, and the role of civil society and NGOs and environmental rights) will also be considered.

Cluster 5: MECHANISMS OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION AND IMPLEMENTATION (ECTS 4)

Cluster Leader: Prof. Wolfgang Benedek, University of Graz

 Teaching hours: 65                                         

 Consultations: 15 hours

Content of the Cluster

The focus is on implementation and enforcement of human rights. This is developed on the universal level of the United Nations, as well as on the regional level of the Council of Europe, OSCE and the European Union. The European system of human rights and the human rights policies of the European Union are given particular attention. The objective of the Cluster is to provide students with a better understanding of the implementation and enforcement of human rights at different levels in practice. As different systems are compared, they can also better understand the interrelationship between the different levels of human rights protection. Moreover, students should become capable of providing advice on how best to use the variety of human rights instruments in particular cases. Furthermore, the national implementation of international human rights in SEE is studied with a particular emphasis on human rights in post-conflict situations, taking the examples of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Kosovo. In addition, the implementation of human rights of women in the region of SEE is introduced, as well as the role of humanitarian law. Accordingly, there are courses on the implementation of universal human rights, on post-conflict enforcement of human rights in the European system, on implementation of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo, on implementation of women’s rights and on transitional justice and humanitarian law.

Cluster 6: METHODOLOGY OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND WRITING (ECTS 3)

Cluster Leader: Federico Giulio Sicurella, Tor Vergata University in Rome

Teaching hours: 52+20                                                                         

Consultations: 120 hours

Content of the Cluster:

The methodology course aims to provide students with a comprehensive theoretical knowledge and a wide range of practical skills concerning the methodology of research in the social sciences, particularly in the field of democracy and human rights. By placing theory alongside practical and applied experiences, the course aims to enable students to learn the fundamental principles of social research, understand the conventions and challenges of academic writing, as well as to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different research methods and data-gathering techniques. In this sense, the course is not only intended to strengthen students’ ability to elaborate viable and relevant research projects, but also to enhance their academic and professional profiles. The course consists of eight modules which have been designed so as to fit into the broader structure of the ERMA programme and to equip the students with the notions and tools required for the coursework of each cluster, as well as for developing quality MA thesis proposals. The course includes lectures, seminars, workshops and individual consultations with students. Active participation is encouraged through both in-class discussion and take-home assignments.

ELECTIVE COURSES: Independent of the Five Clusters, the three short seminars are unique educational activities that in themselves offer a similar structure to the overall ERMA Programme.

SEMINAR I:  GENOCIDE AND GENOCIDAL ATROCITIES IN THEORY AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

Lecturer: Dr. phil. Dennis Gratz

Contact hours: 12                                                                          

Individual and additional consultations:  5

Seminar Description:

The course examines the concept and phenomenon of genocide, its origins and mechanisms of prevention and punishment. Following a brief general introduction to the history of genocide science and more specifically the development of international criminal law, students will be familiarized with the main forms of genocidal atrocities on the basis of historical events and occurrences. The students shall in particular analyze the Armenian genocide, Holocaust, Rwandan genocide and Cambodian Mass Killings. Following that, legal definitions and understanding of the crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide as established in the UN Convention on Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide will be discussed, compared and analyzed, both from the legal and theoretical point of view. Specific legal terms such as intent, motive, genocide-in-part etc. shall be introduced and thoroughly discussed. Furthermore, the course is dedicated to the introduction to different aspects of genocide science, including the theoretical approaches from a historical, cultural, social and economic perspective, as well as some recent developments in the field of prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide. Lastly, the course covers the specific forms of genocidal crimes, their circumstances of occurrence and their consequences for the victim population. The students shall reflect upon terms such as ethnic cleansing, gendercide, elitocide, war amongst the people etc. Within this part, the students shall learn about the recent conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the special importance of the ICTY verdict on the proven genocide in Srebrenica for the international prevention and detection mechanisms.


SEMINAR II:  LIFE STORIES AND DIALOGUES

Lecturer: Dr. Nejra Nuna Čengić

Contact hours: 12                                                                                 

Individual and additional consultations:  5

Seminar Description:

This seminar aims to provide students with theoretical and empirical knowledge on the life story-telling model, as a great resource for study and analysis of memory and identity (es) construction, trans-generational impact of silenced (traumatic) experiences, but also the dynamics and functioning of societies in which we live. This model can be used for a variety of purposes, as a research method, a peace building tool, for empowerment and political purposes. The unique interdisciplinary and multimedial methodology of the seminar includes introduction to selected theoretical approaches from the field of philosophy, anthropology, gender studies, psychoanalysis and history, using documentary movies as media for work and discussion. Through the given methods, the seminar offers a possibility for personal reflection on some of ERMA’s subject themes (e.g. socialism/communism, fall of socialism/communism, conflict, transition(s), gender relations etc), from the perspective of “ordinary” people. Finally, throughout the seminar it will be shown how in the context of diverse transitions and conflicts in South East Europe, and particularly conflicts in the region of the former Yugoslavia (during the ‘90s) instead of paradigmatic competing narratives, individual stories may offer relevant insights and, in this way, present an alternative vision to given events, source of resistance and social change.


SEMINAR III:  INTRODUCTION TO REFUGEE LAW AND PROTECTION RIGHTS

Lecturer: Dr. Selma Porobić

Contact hours: 12                                                                                   

Individual and additional consultations:  5

Seminar Description:

This course offers an overview of the key terms, concepts, methodologies and ethical principles relevant to studies of refugee protection and rights. Using case studies from around the world, the course will introduce students to comparative insights into causes and consequences of forced migration, including forced displacement issues directly related to the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia and the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It will also offer a short introduction to international protection regime, refugees’ rights and responsibilities as enshrined in Geneva Convention and its Protocol as well as an overview of the practices and solutions to forced displacement developed by the international organisations and governments. The emphasis will be on the population under investigation, i.e. forced migrants, and how they access protection rights and are affected by asylum procedures in different countries of the region. The course will employ an interactive learning environment using documentary films and open discussions enabling participants to both contribute to and gain an in-depth knowledge of asylum adjudication procedures, reception and integration policies. This course promotes a multidisciplinary approach to studying forced migration phenomena and includes relevant theories and interdisciplinary studies from the field of human rights, law, sociology, socio-cultural anthropology, political science and social psychology.